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Sûrah 1. Al-Fâtihah (The Opening)



Bismillahir rahmanir raheem

In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

Al'hamdu lil'lahi rab'bil Aa'lameen
All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).

Ar'rahmaan'ir ra'heem
The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

Maliki yawm'id deen
The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)

Iyya ka'nabudu wa-iyya ka'nasta'een
You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

Ih'dinas sira'tal musta'qeem
Guide us to the Straight Way

Siratal la'theena an'amta a'layhim ghay'ril magh'doobi a'layhim walad dha'leen
The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace [3], not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians).


1] (V.1:2) Narrated Abû Sa'îd bin Al-Mu'alla: While I was praying in the mosque, Allah's Messenger called me but I did not respond to him. Later I said, "O Allah's Messenger, I was praying." He said, "Didn't Allah say -- Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and His Messenger when he calls you." The Qur'ân (8:24).
He then said to me, "I will teach you a Sûrah which is the greatest Sûrah in the Qur'ân, before you leave the mosque." Then he got hold of my hand, and when he intended to leave (the mosque), I said to him, "Didn't you say to me: I will teach you a Sûrah which is the greatest Sûrah in the Qur'an?" He said, "Al-Hamdu-Lillahi Rabbi-l 'Alamîn [i.e. all the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists)",] Surat Al-Fatiha which is the As-Sabâ Al-Mathâni (i.e. seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me." (Sahih Al-Bukharî, Vol. 6, Hadîth No. 1).

[2] (V.1:6) Guidance is of two kinds:-
a) Guidance of Taufiq i.e. totally from Allah, i.e. Allah opens one's heart to receive the truth (from disbelief to Belief in Islâmic Monotheism).
b) Guidance of Irshâd i.e. through preaching by Allah's Messengers and pious preachers who preach the truth i.e. Islâmic Monotheism.

[3] (V.1:7). [{i.e. the way of the Prophets, the Siddiqûn (i.e. those followers of the Prophet, who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abû Bakr As-Siddiq), the martyrs and the righteous, [as Allah SWT said: "And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqûn, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!"] [The Qur'ân (4:69)].

[4] (V.1:7): Narrated 'Ubâda bin As-Sâmit : Allah's Messenger said, "Whoever does not recite Sûrat Al-Fâtiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid." (Sahih Al-Bukharî, Vol. 1, Hadîth No. 723).

[5] (V.1:7): Narrated Abû Huraira : Allah's Messenger said, "When the Imâm says: Ghair-il-Maghdûbi Alaihim Walad-Dâlli'n. [i.e. not the way of those who earned Your Anger, nor the way of those who went astray (1:7)], then you must say, 'Amîn, for if one's utterance of Amîn coincides with that of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven. (Sahih Al-Bukharî, Vol. 6, Hadîth No. 2).

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